Automatic Fire Detector using Arduino with Output Evacuation Route via Short Message Service (SMS) and Warning via Ringtones

Margaretha Palma Puspita, Bheta Agus Wardijono


In this modern era, the use of electricity is increasing and of course it is very prone to trigger fires. When there is a fire, many people are trapped and difficult to find an evacuation route if it is in a difficult range such as in a tall building. In this final project aims to provide fire warnings and display safe routes as evacuation routes. This fire detection device uses Arduino Uno as a controller and LM35 temperature sensor as a fire detector. GSM Shield is used to send SMS and make calls to the user. The working principle of this tool, by detecting the presence of a fire and the input of the heat temperature is processed when the conversion voltage is 350mV in accordance with the provisions of the fire status. The process is run by the program that has been uploaded to Arduino, after the process is run, then the output appears in the form of fire information and evacuation route with SMS and fire alerts with ringtones. There are 6 temperature sensors used, with 2 sensors installed on each floor. Each sensor that detects a fire, an SMS is sent with the specified status of each sensor and the safe route that must be passed. After the SMS is sent, the phone call comes to alert the user if they do not know of a fire or have not seen the incoming SMS.


Arduino Uno, GSM Shield, Temperature Sensor LM35, SMS

Full Text:



Suresh.S, Yuthika.S and G.Adithya Vardhini ,et al., “Home Based Fire Monitoring And Warning System,” 2016 International Conference on ICT in Business Industry & Government (ICTBIG).

Suresh.S, J.Bhavya, S.Sakshi, K.Varun and G.Debarshi, et al., “Home Monitoring and Security system,” 2016 International Conference on ICT in Business Industry & Government (ICTBIG).

Swarnadeep Majumder, Sean O’Neil, and Ryan Kennedy, et al., “Smart Apparatus For Fire Evacuation — An Iot Based Fire Emergency Monitoring And Evacuation System,” 2017 IEEE MIT Undergraduate Research Technology Conference (URTC).

C. Gaja Priya, M. AbishekPandu and B. Chandra, et al., “Automatic Plant Monitoring And Controlling System Over GSM Using Sensors,” 2017 IEEE Technological Innovations in ICT for Agriculture and Rural Development (TIAR).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Margaretha Palma Puspita, Bheta Agus Wardijono

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

InfoTekJar (Jurnal Nasional Informatika dan Teknologi Jaringan)

Program Studi Teknik Informatika - Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara
Website :
Email :

InfoTekJar : Jurnal Nasional Informatika dan Teknologi Jaringan) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License