• https://htn.parahikma.ac.id/sbotop/
  • https://journal.parahikma.ac.id/juaraslot/
  • bajak scatter
  • sbobet88
  • lapak cheat
  • scatter hitam
  • https://siapadia.riau.go.id/plugins/pulsa-limaribu/
  • https://spadav2.unikal.ac.id/lang/paito-hk/
  • slot garansi kekalahan
  • slot deposit pulsa indosat
  • slot demo
  • https://jurnal.fkip.unila.ac.id/lib/pkp/sbotop/
  • https://siapadia.riau.go.id/dist/mpo-gacor/
  • Powerjepe
  • Sbotop
  • http://fairplay.uho.ac.id/lapas/sensus/
  • turbox1000
  • Gacor288
  • zara4d
  • BNI4D
  • dewa288
  • https://theoejwilson.com/
  • raja slot
  • https://penkopjurnal.uho.ac.id/cokky/cheat/
  • slot demo
  • iblis merah hack
  • https://prologue.sastra.uniba-bpn.ac.id/js/idslot/
  • alexis toto
  • Robot Merah Hack
  • pusat maxwin
  • santuy4d
  • https://prologue.sastra.uniba-bpn.ac.id/js/slotmp7/
  • https://simlinmas.kemendagri.go.id/web/xgacor/
  • https://monitoring-rup.rokanhulukab.go.id/casinoo/
  • http://jiseafa.lppm.unand.ac.id/js/demo-slot/
  • http://jiseafa.lppm.unand.ac.id/js/slotraf/
  • http://jurnalobgin.fk.unand.ac.id/lib/pkp/ratuslot/
  • bonanza88
  • naga200
  • slot fuji
  • turbox500
  • Lapak Cheat
  • Lucky RP
  • https://elearning.kent.ac.id/cheats/
  • https://www.ies.ftk.uinjambi.ac.id/pages/dewa288/
  • https://www.ies.ftk.uinjambi.ac.id/pages/situs-toto/


    Surya Asra, Chairuddin Chairuddin, Fiza Rauzika Altasa, Pangkuh Ajisoko


    The postmodern paradigm has developed very broadly. It has not only become a discussion in the field of philosophy but also influenced almost all fields of science, especially the socio-cultural sciences, including language teaching. This study aims to review how postmodernism affects language teaching and what effects it has on the language teaching and learning process, be it teaching a second or foreign language or teaching a first language. This is an analytic study using a literature review approach from written sources to describe the results and draw research conclusions. The results show that postmodernism has influenced language teaching, especially with the emergence of criticism of existing teaching methods and the raising of the critical question of whether teaching languages should use existing teaching methods or whether language teaching does not need to follow these methods. Criticism then gives birth to an understanding method of pedagogy that is based on communicative language teaching (CLT). Postmodern philosophy suggests that language teaching can be done with a combination of several existing methods or can also add new methods or techniques.

    Full Text:



    Allwright, D. (1991). Death of method. Lancester: University Press.

    Asra, S., Husna, F., Fadlia, F., & Syahputra, B. A. (2022). TEFL in the post-method era. SAGA: Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 3(1), 51–58. https://doi.org/10.21460/saga.2022.31.81

    Batubara, B. M. (2021). The problems of the world of education in the middle of the covid-19 pandemic. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(1), 450-457. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v4i1.1626

    Bell, D. M. (2002). Method and postmethod: Are they really so incompatible. TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 2, Summer 2013, Ohio University. doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/3588507

    Bell, D. M. (2007). Do teachers think that methods dead?. ELT Journal, Volume 61/2 April 2007. Oxford University Press.

    Brann, E. T. H. (1992). What is postmodernism? The Harvard review of paradigm, postmodernism. Spring. Retrieved from http://harvardparadigm.com/issues/1992/Brann.pdf

    Cronin, P., Ryan, F. & Coughlan, M. (2013). Concept analysis. Research Methodology Series. Retrieved on August 4, 2020 from http://www.tara.tcd.ie/bitstream/handle/2262/69917/Concept%20analysis%20V4.pdf;jsessionid=64C90FBC9B78036441221EFD4B419516?sequence=1

    Falah, I. F. & Chairuddin, C. (2022). Students’ attitude toward blended learning through google classroom in general English course. ELLITE: Journal of Education, Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching, 5 (1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.33059/ellite.v5i01.5249

    Hicks, S. R. C. (2004). Explaining postmodernism: Skepticism and socialism from Rosseau to Foucault. Arizona: Scholargy publishing.

    Illich, I. (2003). Bebaskan masyarakat dari belenggu sekolah. (Terjemahan) Sonny Keraf. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

    Kidd, W. & Murray, J. (2020). The covid-19 pandemic and its effects on teacher education in England: How teacher educators moved practicum learning online. European Journal of Teacher Education, 43(4), 542-558. https://doi.org/10.1080/02619768.2020.1820480

    Kumaravadivelu, B. (1993). Maximizing learning potential in the communicative classroom. ELT Journal, 47, 12–21. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ459633

    Kumaravadivelu, B. (2006). Understanding language teaching: From method to post-method. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publisher.

    Larsen-Freeman, D. (1986). Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Ling, J. & Catling, J. (2012). Psikologi kognitif. (Terjemahan). Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

    Lubis, A. Y. (2014). Postmodernisme: teori dan metode. Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada.

    Lyotard, J. (1979/1984). The postmodern Condition. (trans). Geoff Bennington & Brian Massumi. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

    Nunan, D. (1987). Communicative language teaching: Making it work. ELT Journal, 41, 136–145. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/41.2.136

    Oliver, M. & Trigwell, K. (2005). Can ‘blended learning’ be redeemed. E-Learning, Volume 2, Number 1, 2005. doi: https://doi.org/10.2304/elea.2005.2.1.17

    Panitz, T. (1999). Collaborative Versus Cooperative Learning: A Comparison of the Two Concepts Which Will Help Us Understand the Underlying Nature of Interactive Learning. New York: U.S Department ofEducation, Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC).

    Pennycook, A. (1998). English and the discourses of colonialism. London: Routledge.

    Richards, J. C. (2013). Curriculum approaches in language teaching: Forward, central, and backward design. RELC Journal, 44(1), 5-33. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ766399

    Richards, J. C. & Rodgers, T. S. (2006). Approaches and methods in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Seidman, S. & Alexander, J. C. (Eds). (2008). The New Social Theory Reader. (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.

    Setiawan, J. (2018). Pemikiran postmodernisme dan pandangannya terhadap ilmu pengetahuan. Jurnal Filsafat, 28 (10). Retrieved from https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/228512-pemikiran-postmodernisme-dan-pandanganny-bbc8bbca.pdf

    Sharma, P. (2010). Key concepts in RLT: Blended learning. ELT Journal Volume 64/4 October 2010. Oxford University Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/ccab045

    Sugiharto, B. I. (1996). Postmodernisme: tantangan bagi filsafat. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

    Sugiyono. (2012). Metode penelitian kuantitatif, kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

    Swaffar, J., Arens, K., & Morgan, M. (1982). Teacher classroom practices: Redefining method as task hierarchy. Modern Language Journal, 66, 24–33. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/327812?origin=JSTOR-pdf

    Turner, B. S. (Editor). (2009). Teori sosial: dari klasik sampai postmodern. (Terjemahan). Jakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.30743/jol.v4i2.5961


    • There are currently no refbacks.

    Fakultas Sastra
    Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara (UISU)
    Jln. Sisingamangaraja Teladan Barat Medan, Indonesia
    Phone: +627869911  | e-mail: journal_language@sastra.uisu.ac.id



    Telegram: Contact @Empress_News_Announce
    EMPRESS - News & Announcements | AirDrops
    418 subscribers
    Join to telegram channel for Interesting information about Cryptocurrency, AirDrops, MemeCoins, NFT'S
    If you have Telegram, you can view and join
    EMPRESS - News & Announcements | AirDrops right away.