Nurul Azmi, M. Manugeren, Purwarno Purwarno


The research is related to social problems. People's lives are actually changing with the times. In the process of the changing, sometimes unexpected conditions arise or should not occur. This unexpected condition gradually becomes a polemic and has a negative impact on people's lives. This condition is called a social problem. Social problems cannot be ignored because they can disrupt global economic and political stability. The discussion of this research focuses on two social problems: poverty and prostitution. Poverty is the condition of a person who has no wealth, lacks, or has very low income and of course cannot fulfill his daily needs; while poverty is also closely related to prostitution. One can become a prostitute because of poverty or circumstances. Prostitution is a sexual activity outside the institution of marriage and is generally carried out by women. These two social problems can be found not only in the novel but also in the real world; so the sociology of literature is used as an approach in this research. The whole research is conducted using a qualitative descriptive method because the focus of the research is related to social problems. The results of the analysis show that this novel provides two descriptions of social problems: poverty and prostitution and these two social problems are clearly illustrated through the data obtained from the novel.

Full Text:



Adriaenssens, S., & Hendrickx, J. (2012). Sex, price and preferences: Accounting for unsafe sexual practices in prostitution markets. Sociology of Health & Illness, 34, 665–680

Damono, S. D. (1979). Sosiologi sastra: Sebuah pengantar singkat. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa.

Hal, H. (2021). What’s happened to poverty and inequality. Asian Development Review, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 68–97

Kartini, K. (1981). Patologi sosial Jilid 1. Bandung, PT RajaGrafindo Persada.

Kurniawan, E. (2016). Cantik itu luka. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Moleong, L. J. (2011). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif. Cetakan keduapuluh sembilan. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Mowafi, M. & Khawaja, M. (2005). Poverty. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. DOI: 10.1136/jech.2004.022822

Ratna, N. K. (2015). Penelitian sastra. Yogyakarta. Pustaka Pelajar.

Rubington, E. & Weinberg, M. S. (1981). The study of social problems. New York: Oxford Press.

Saraswati, E. (2003). Sosiologi sastra: Sebuah pemahaman awal. Malang: Bayu Media

Setiadi, E. M. (2011). Pengantar sosiologi, pemahaman fakta dan gejala permasalahan sosial: Teori, aplikasi, dan pemecahannya. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group.

Soekanto, S. (2003). Sosiologi: Suatu pengantar. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Perkasa.

Soetomo. (2013). Masalah sosial dan upaya pemecahannya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode penelitian pendidikan. Bandung. Anggota Ikatan Penerbit Indonesia (IKAPI)

Sukardi. (2004). Masalah sosial masyarakat modern. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.

Wiyatmi. (2013). Sosiologi sastra. Yogyakarta: Kanwa Publisher.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Fakultas Sastra
Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara (UISU)
Jln. Sisingamangaraja Teladan Barat Medan, Indonesia
Phone: +627869911  | e-mail: