Lia Safitri, Asnani Asnani


The research seeks to uncover the causal factors and detrimental effects of revenge as depicted in Emily Bronte’s novel, Wuthering Heights. Given its focus on societal phenomena, the chosen methodology is the descriptive qualitative approach, aimed at elucidating these social dynamics. The analysis draws upon theories of revenge proposed by Barcaccia et al. and Schwartz, which respectively delve into the underlying elements of vengeance. Revenge arises from a potent desire to seek retribution for perceived injustices, often manifesting as the infliction of harm or suffering upon the perceived wrongdoer. However, rather than achieving justice, revenge often perpetuates a cycle of retaliation, as individual interpretations of moral equilibrium seldom align. Wuthering Heights serves as the primary source of data, with textual excerpts informing the analysis. The findings reveal three primary instigators of revenge: betrayal, injustice, and insult, with resultant negative impacts including depression and anxiety.

Full Text:



Adwas, A., Jbireal, J. & Azab, A. (2019). Anxiety: insights into signs, symptoms, etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment. The South African Journal of Medical Sciences. 2. 80-91.

Barcaccia, B., et al. (2022). The bitter taste of revenge: negative affect, depression and anxiety. Current Psychology. 41 (4). DOI:10.1007/s12144-020-00643-1.

Bloom, S. L. (2001). Commentary: reflections on the desire for revenge. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 2(4), 61-94. UK: Taylor & Francis Journal.

Boon, S. D. et al. (2011). Reflections on the costs and benefit of exacting revenge in romantic relationships. Journal of Behavioral Science. 1 (4).

Brontë, E. (1847). Wuthering Heights. New York: Penguin Books

Brown, P. & Levinson, S. (2010). Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. New York: Cambridge University Press

Chernyak, et al. (2019). Paying back people who harmed us but not people who helped us: Direct negative reciprocity precedes direct positive reciprocity in early development. Psychological Science, 30(9), 1273-1286.

Fatmaliza, H. & Asnani. (2023). Injustice in eka kurniwan’s novel beauty is a wound. Journal of Language, 5(2).

Frijda, N. H. (1994) The Emotions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lifton. (1983). The Nazi Doctor: Medical Killing and the Psycology of Genochide. New York: Basic Book.

McCullough, M. (2008). Beyond Revenge: The Evolution of the Forgiveness Instinct. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Mulia, T. R. & Pardi, P. (2020). Woman’s strength in eka kurniawan’s novel beauty is a wound. Journal of Language, 2(1), 52-67.

Sugiyono. (2009). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

World Health Organization. (2023). Depressive Disorder. New York: WHO.

Zdaniuk, A. & Bobocel, D. R. (2012). Vertical individualism and injustice: The self-restorative function of revenge. European Journal of Social Psychology. Vol 42 Issue 5.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Fakultas Sastra
Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara (UISU)
Jln. Sisingamangaraja Teladan Barat Medan, Indonesia
Phone: +627869911  | e-mail: