Ayu Lityaningrum


Malang Javanese has special characteristics due to many migrants in Malang that can affect the use of the Javanese language. Since many mother tongues of different places are spoken there, Malang Javanese can be expected to show divergences from the Standard Javanese seen in applicative constructions. This research aimed to identify and describe the applicative marker and formulate its tendency. A qualitative approach was used to gain a deeper result. The data were taken from Twitter in the form of intransitive, transitive, and ditransitive sentences. Then, the data were collected using copy-paste technique and processed using AntConc so that all sentences containing the applicative marker must be collected. The theories applied were grammatical roles by Palmer, applicative constructions by Peterson, and Javanese grammar. The research result showed that the applicative constructions in Malang Javanese were in the form of suffix -no and -i. The roles of the suffix -no were used to promote benefactive and locative obliques to the core argument. Next, the role of the suffix -i was to promote benefactive recipients oblique to the core argument. An interesting finding showed an unusual pattern of the applicative construction that had no suffix marking or no-applicative marking. The use of the suffix -no and the suffix -i were not always categorized as applicative markers. By comparing the applicative constructions in Standard Javanese, it was found the same roles for each suffix.


Applicative Constructions; Typology; Malangnese Javanese; Social Media

Full Text:



Chung, S. (1976). “On the Subject of Two Passives in Indonesia.” Subject and Topic 57–98.

Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. 2nd edition. London: SAGE Publications.

Fusch, P. I. & Lawrence R. N. (2015). “Are We There yet? Data Saturation in Qualitative Research.” Qualitative Report 20(9). doi: 10.46743/2160-3715/2015.2281.

Hudan Al Fahmi, M. (2015). “A Descriptive Study on The Morphosyntax of Javanese Suffixes -Ake and -i at Kampung Jawa, Central Lombok.” 1–19.

Murdiyanto & Pawestri, R. A. K.D. (2018). “Clause Structure of Javanese Language.” Pp. 147–49 in Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research. Vol. 222. Atlantis Press.

Nurhayani, I. (2012). “Javanese Applicative Construction.” Coyote Papers: Working Papers in Linguistics 19.

Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2001). Tata Bahasa Jawa Mutakhir. edited by Wedhawati, W. Erni Siti NUrlina, and E. Setiyanto. Jakarta.

Palmer, F. R. (1994). Grammatical Roles and Relations. Cambridge University Press.

Peterson, D. A. (2007). Applicative Constructions. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sofwan, A. (2010). “Applicative Constructions in Javanese.” Language Circle : Journal of Language and Literature 5(1). doi: 10.15294/lc.v5i1.1984.

Sudjalil. (2005). “Studi Pemetaan Dialek Bahasa Jawa Sub Malangan (Studi Awal Menuju Ke Arah Studi Geografi Dialek Bahasa Jawa Malangan Di Kotamadia Malang).” Humanity 1(1):53–59.

Willis, D. (2020). “Using Social-Media Data to Investigate Morphosyntactic Variation and Dialect Syntax in a Lesser-Used Language: Two Case Studies from Welsh.” Glossa 5(1). doi: 10.5334/GJGL.1073.

Yanti, N. F. N. et al. (2021). “The Typology Of Applicative/Causative Marking In Tapus.” Linguistik Indonesia 39(1). doi: 10.26499/li.v39i1.188.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Fakultas Sastra 
Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara (UISU), Medan
Jl. Sisingamangaraja Teladan Medan 20217
Telp. (061) 7869911, e-mail: