Alfina Eka Pratiwi, Much Koiri


This study deals with schizophrenia, pseudobulbar affect (PBA) and negative responses of the community experienced by the main character of the Joker 2019 film, Arthur Fleck and the public's response to his illness. schizophrenia is a condition in which a person cannot distinguish between the real world and the world of fantasy or hallucination; while pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is a condition characterized by uncontrollable laughing or crying.
Descriptive qualitative method to reveal the social features is applied to get relevant and precise data concerning the discussion based on the clinical psychology theory. Cinematography by listening to every scene in the film, showing Arthur Fleck's illness and the public's response to his illness is then used for the data collection procedures. The results show that the main character has got schizophrenia in the form of hallucination and pseudobulbar affect (PBA) in the form of inability to control his laughter and at the same time it is also found that the community gives negative responses upon the mental illness of the main character.


Mental Illness; Schizophrenia; Pseudobulbar Affect (PBA)

Full Text:



American Psychological Association. (2016). Clinical Psychology., accessed on 6 November 2021.

American Psychological Association. (2018). Clinical Psychology., accesed on 8 June 2022.

American Stroke Association. (2018). Pseudibulbar Affect., accessed on 8 December 2021.

Brown, B. (2016). Cinematography: Theory and practice: Image making for cinematographers and directors: Third edition. In Cinematography: Theory and Practice: Image Making for Cinematographers and Directors: Third Edition (pp. 1–421).

Fitriani, Y. (2019). Analysis of Psychological Aspects of The Main Character in Movie “Joker” Based on Sigmund Freud Theory. Humanitatis Journal on Language and Literature, 6(1).

Heiderich, T. (2012). Cinematography Techniques : The Different Types of Shots in Film. Videomaker, 1–17.

Lau E. et al. (2021), Exploring Trauma and Hope in Refugees' Poems. Language Literacy: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching, 5(1), 145-149. 10.30743/ll.v5i1.3709

national institute of mental health. (2021). Schizophrenia. In Schizophrenia.

Nevill, A. (2019). Cinematography and filmmaking research: Reflections on a practice-led doctoral process. Alphaville: Journal of Film and Screen Media, 17, 188–196.

Noosha, N. et al. (2013). What is schizophrenia? Basic facts, symptoms, families, treatments. Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, 2–7.

N,Sam. (2018). Clinical Psychology., accessed on 6 November 2021.

Putri, C. N., Nugroho, M. A. B., & Asikin, N. A. (2020). Psychological Analysis on Arthur Fleck in “Joker” Movie. International Conference on English Language Education (ICONELE). 381–394.

Thompson, M. L. (2007). Mental illness. London. In Greenwood Press (Vol. 83, Issue 5).

VandenBos, G. (2013). APA Dictionary of Clinical Psychology. Washington: American Psychological Association.

WHO(World Health Organization). (2003). Investing in Mental Health. Investing in Mental Health, 3–49.

Wijaya, L. P. (2013). Mental Illness in the Main Character. Faculty of Letters. Udayana University, 1–9.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Fakultas Sastra 
Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara (UISU), Medan
Jl. Sisingamangaraja Teladan Medan 20217
Telp. (061) 7869911, e-mail: