Yusmawati Yusmawati, Cut Intan Lestari, Nurul Hidayah


The research aims at identifying the language choice used by Chinese family in Langsa, the phenomenon that has long been seen in Chinese families: having tendency to choose Indonesian as the second language in their families even though they live in the Aceh region. This phenomenon is not only seen in the town but also in urban areas. The emergence of language selection is caused by the occurrence of language, social condition, and cultural tradition. The interesting thing to look at and study in connection with this phenomenon is that members in the family are from the Chinese ethnic group and speakers of native Chinese but the language used to communicate with the community in the chosen environment is Indonesian. The focus of this research is to analyze language selection Indonesia in a Chinese family in Langsa. The research is executed by means of descriptive qualitative method supported by the technique of interview to get deep information about the language choice.


language choice, communication, interaction

Full Text:



Adams, T. (2012). Language Use and Choice: a Case Study of Kinubi in Kibera. Kenya: International Journal of Humanities and Social.

Alamsyah, T. (2011). Pemilihan Bahasa Indonesia sebagai Bahasa Pertama Anak dalam Keluarga Masyarakat Aceh Petutur Bahasa Aceh di Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam. Aceh: Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa Melayu, Vol.1.

Arikunto, Suharsimi. (2005). Metode Penelitian. Bandung: Pelajar.

Bentahila, A. (1983). Language Attitudes among Arabic –French bilinguals in Morroco.. London: Clevedon.

Brody, Michal. (2008). An Introduction to Contact Linguistics – by Donald Windord. Anthro Source. Retrieved from doi/abs/10.1111/j.1548-1395.2008.00007.x on 2 September 2018.

Coulmas, F. (1997). The handbook of Sociolinguistics. London: Oxford. Blackwell.

David, M. 2006. Language Policies-Impact on Language Maintenance and Teaching: Focus on Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines. British Journal of English Linguistics. Vol. 3, No. 1. Retrieved from on 13 August 2018.

Giles, S. (1987). Linguistic Repertoire. in R. Schjerve & E. Vetter (Ed.). European multilingualism: Current Perspectives and Challenges. London: Multilingual Matters

Fasold, R. (1984). The Sociolinguistics of Society. New York: Basil.

Ferrer, C. & Sankoff, D. (2004). The Valencian Revival: Why Usage Lags behind Competence. Language in Society, 33 (1), 1-31. Retrieved from on 23 August 2018.

Fishman, Joshua A. (1991). Reversing Language Shift: Theoritical and Empirical Foundations of Assistance to Threatened Languages. Multilingual Matters. Ottawa: Oxford Press.

Gumpers, J. J. (1964). Linguistic and Social Interaction in Two Communities. New York: American Anthropologist.

Managan, K. (2004). Diglossia Reconsidered: Language Choice and Code-Switching in Guadeloupean Voluntary Organizations. Paper presented at Texas linguistic forum. Research Gate: Retrieved 278785088_LANGUAGE_CHOICE_AND_LANGUAGE_ATTITUDES_IN_A_MULTILINGUAL_ARAB_CANADIAN_COMMUNITY_QUEBEC-_CANADA_A_ SOCIOLINGUISTIC_STUDY on 22 September 2018.

Pillai, S. (2006). Malaysian English as a First Language. Language Choices and Discourse of Malaysian Families: Case Studies of Families in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Petalingjaya: Strategic Information and Research. Development Centre. Retrieved from _LANGUAGE_CHOICE_AND_LANGUAGE_ATTITUDES_IN_A_MULTILINGUAL_ARAB_CANADIAN_COMMUNITY_QUEBEC-_CANADA_A_SOCIOLINGUISTIC_STUDY on 22 September 2018.

Putrawan I.M. (1990). Pengujian Hipotesis dalam Penelitian-Penelitian Sosial. Jakarta: RinekaCipta.

Sudaryanto. (1993). Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa: Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan secara Linguistis. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Thomson, G. (2001). Language Contact: An introduction. Edinburgh: EUP.

Thomson, G. (2000). Building a Corpus of Comprehensible Text. Language Learning. Retrieved November 1, 2003, from gt/building-corpus.htm on 22 September 2018.

Wesche, M. (1994). Input and Interaction in Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge: University Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Fakultas Sastra 
Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara (UISU), Medan
Jl. Sisingamangaraja Teladan Medan 20217
Telp. (061) 7869911, e-mail: