Dinamika Perkembangan Golkar di Kota Medan: Golkar pada Pemilu 1971

Ronggur Raja Doli Simorangkir


This article aims to discuss how the New Order which was dominated by the army dimension used the Golkar Secretariat as a political machine in defending the interests of the government and the military. Initially, the Golkar Secretariat was only filled with around 64 organizations under it. However, along the way, the number of organizations under the Golkar Secretariat continued to swell. This then required the Golkar Secretariat to reorganize its entire structure, both at the national and local levels. This article uses a historical research method with four writing steps, namely: source search, source criticism, formulation of facts, and presentation of new ideas, a political approach. After various consolidations at the national and regional levels, the Golkar Secretariat which was previously only an organization has now turned into a political party with the name Golkar (Golongan Karya) which aims to become a government tool in the 1971 General Election. The main focus that the author will examine in this article is related to Golkar's political actions, especially those in Medan City in the 1971 elections. Another focus is, the author wants to explore and review issues related to Golkar's presence in Medan City. This is inseparable from Golkar's victory in Medan City in the 1971 General Election, even though at that time Golkar was considered a newcomer party.


Joint Secretariat of Golkar; Golkar; 1971 Election; Medan City

Full Text:



Ardanareswari, I. (2019). Demokrasi Semu dalam Sejarah Pemilu Pertama Orde Baru Tahun 1971. Retrieved October 8, 2021, from tirto.id website: https://tirto.id/demokrasi-semu-dalam-sejarah-pemilu-pertama-orde-baru-tahun-1971-dlYX

Burke, P. (1992). New Perspectives on Historical Writing. Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press.

DPR-GR, S. (1970). Seperempat Abad Dewan Perwakilan Rakjat Republik Indonesia. Jakarta: tanpa penerbit.

Forges, R. V. Des. (1993). The Military Revolution and Political Change: Origins of Democracy and Autocracy in Early Modern Europe. The Journal of Asian Studies, 52(4), 961–963. https://doi.org/10.2307/2059349

Garraghan, G. J. (1957). A Guide to Historical Method. New York: Fordham University Press.

Kartodirdjo, S. (1993). Pendekatan Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial dalam Metodologi Sejarah. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Kuntowijoyo. (1995). Metode Sejarah. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.

Murtopo, A. (1974). Strategi Politik Nasional. Jakarta: Centre for Strategic and International Studies.

Nishihara, M. (1972). Golkar and the Indonesian Elections of 1971. New York: Modern Indonesia Project Cornell University.

Perolehan Suara Golkar pada Pemilu 1971 di Kota Medan. (1971). Waspada.

Reeve, D., Triwira, G., Nugraha, I., Ni’am, L., & Fallickard, R. (2013). Golkar Sejarah yang Hilang: Akar Pemikiran & Dinamika. Depok: Komunitas Bambu.

Ricklefs, M. C. (2008). Sejarah Indonesia Modern. Jakarta: Serambi.

Suryadinata, L. (1989). Military ascendancy and political culture: a study of Indonesia’s Golkar. Ohio: Athens Ohio.

Wanandi, J., Chudori, L. S., & Bayuni, E. (2014). Menyibak Tabir Orde Baru: Memoar Politik Indonesia 1965-1998. Jakarta: Kompas.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30743/mkd.v5i2.4431


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Ronggur Raja Doli Simorangkir

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.