Alda Dwi Afangka, Purwarno Purwarno


This study is aimed at analyzing juvenile delinquency in Jay Asher’s novel, Thirteen Reasons Why, published in 2007. Further, the analysis is focused on the forms of juvenile delinquency covering bullying, drinking alcohol, having free sex, and having sexual harrasment done by the characters of the novel named Hannah Baker, Bryce Walker, Justin Foley, Alex Standall, Jessica Davis, Courtney Crimsen, Marcus Cooley, and Bryce Walker. This research is conducted to reveal the forms of juvenile delinquency conducted by the main characters in the novel. This study is qualitatively carried out.  In this study, the researchers apply the theory of juvenile delinquency proposed by Santrock, supported by that proposed by Kartono referring to  a variety of behavior of children and adolescents which the society does not approve and for which some kind of admonishment, punishment, or preventive and corrective measures are justified in the public interest. The research results show that the forms of juvenile delinquency: bullying, drinking alcohol, having free sex, and having sexual harassment are vividly reflected and clearly done by the main characters in the novel.

Full Text:



Ary, et.al. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education. Wadsworth: Cengange Learning.

Asher, Jay. (2007). Thirteen Reasons Why. New York: Razorbill.

Bartollas, C. (2003). Juvenile Delinquency. 6th ed. NY: Allyn & Bacon.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research Design (Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Mixed). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research Design Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Mixed, edisi ketiga. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Desmita. (2012). Psikologi Perkembangan. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosda Karya.

Juvonen, J., Graham, S. (2014). Bullying in Schools: The Power of Bullies and the Plight of Victims. Annual Review of Psychology. 65: 159–85. doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-010213-115030. PMID 23937767. S2CID 207640520

Kartono, Kartini. (1992). Patologi Sosial 2 Kenakalan Remaja. Jakarta: Rajawali.

Kartono, K. (2014). Patologi Sosial 2 Kenakalan Remaja. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Moleong, Lexy J. (2007). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya Offset.

Monks, et.al. (2004). Psikologi Perkembangan Pengantar dalam Berbagai Bagaiannya. Yogyakarta: UGM Press.

Mussen, P.H. et.al. (1994). Perkembangan Pada Anak. Jakarta: Arcan.

Salagaev, A. (2003). World Youth Report: The Global Situation of Young People, Juvenile Delinquency.

Santrock, John W. (2003). Adolescene Perkembangan Remaja. Jakarta: Erlangga

Santrock, J. W. (2007). Psikologi Perkembangan, Edisi 11 Jilid 1. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sarwono. (2011). Psikologi Remaja. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Smith. (2002). Pseudoscience and Extraordinary Claims of the Bullying. New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.

Springer, David and Roberts, Albert. (2011). Juvenile Justice and Deliquency. New Jersey: Jones & Bartlett.

Steinberg, L. (1990). Autonomy, Conflict, and Harmony in the Family Relationship. In S. Feldman & G. Elliot (Eds.), At the threshold: The developing adolescent pp.255-276). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Sudarsono. (2012). Kenakalan Remaja. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Wahyuningsih. (2008). Hubungan Antara Konsep Diri, Kontrol Diri dan Perilaku Seks Pra Nikah. http://rac.uii.ac.id (September 2020).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30743/jol.v3i1.3713


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Fakultas Sastra
Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara (UISU)
Jln. Sisingamangaraja Teladan Barat Medan, Indonesia
Phone: +627869911  | e-mail: journal_language@sastra.uisu.ac.id