Friska Novi Silalahi, Vivin Sunarko, Nani Haro, Sri Ninta Tarigan


This research is to find out that crossword puzzle teaching strategy gives a significant effect towards students’ vocabulary mastery at SMA Amir Hamzah Medan. The crossword puzzle is a kind of word game which can improve the learners to enrich their vocabulary knowledge. The research design used is pre-experimental design formed as one group pretest- posttest design using quantitative approach. The data collecting method is test. The research data are analyzed by applying paired samples t-test formula through SPSS 23 and the result of the research shows that the value of the t-count is 51,700, while the t-table with the significance level of 5% and Df of 12 is 2,179. The t-count is higher than the t-table (51,700>2,179). This  means that the null hypothesis (H0) is rejected while the alternative hypothesis (Ha) is accepted. In conclusion, there is a significant effect towards students’ vocabulary mastery before and after having taught by the utilization of crossword puzzle teaching strategy at SMA Amir Hamzah Medan.

Full Text:



Allen, V. F. (1983). Techniques in Teaching Vocabulary. Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016

Hornby. 1987. Advance Learners Dictionary of English. England: Oxford University

Imam, F. (September 28, 2019). Pengaruh dan Sejarah Bahasa Inggris terhadap Perkembangan Indonesia. Kompasiana (online). Retrieved from https://www.kompasiana.com/imamfaisal2084/5bacc3a243322f37e017cb55/pengaruh-dan-sejarah-bahasa-inggris-terhadap-perkembangan-indonesia?page= all.

Karim, M., & Hasbullah, F. A. (1986). Language Teaching Media. Jakarta: Karunia.

Prasetyo, B., & Jannah, L. M. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Perkasa.

Pratiwi, L. K. (2017). Using Contextual Crossword Puzzle to Improve the Vocabulary Mastery of Grade VIII C Students at SMP Negeri 7 Yogyakarta in the Academic Year of 2016/2017. English Language Teaching Journal, 6(4), 203-210.

Ratnawati, N., Bindarti, W. E., & Rofiq, A. (2013). The Effect of Using Crossword Puzzle on Vocabulary Achievement of the Eighth Year Students at SMP Negeri 5 Jember. Pancaran Pendidikan, 2(2), 23-32.

Sugiyono, A. (2001). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif. Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Penerbit Alfabeta.

Yudi Cahyono, B., & Kusumaningrum, S. R. (2011). Practical Techniques for English Language Teaching. Malang: State University of Malang Press

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30743/ll.v3i2.1984


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Fakultas Sastra 
Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara (UISU), Medan
Jl. Sisingamangaraja Teladan Medan 20217
Telp. (061) 7869911, e-mail: language_literacy@sastra.uisu.ac.id